In this section, I am providing general information - combination of a glossary, listing of great personalities, locations & geographical landmarks, history - in general any subject related to India. I have gathered the information from various sources - books, magazines, internet, word of mouth.
General information about India - A
Abhijnana Shakuntalam (Of Shakuntala recognised by a token)
(Info added on 13 Feb 2013)
abhijnana means an identifying token; a keep sake ; an identity card ; a letter of introduction.
The story of Shakuntala and King Dushyanta appears in the Aadi Parva of The Indian Great epic Mahabharata. Kalidas adapted the story for his play
Abhigyana Shakuntalam. Mahakavi Kalidasa, India's greatest Sanskrit poet and dramatist, has authored severalmaster pieces including Raghuvamsham, Meghasandesham (Meghdhootam), Kumarasambhavam, Ritu Samaharam, Malavikaagnimitram and others.
Amla is Indian gooseberry (Emblica officinalis)(Nellikai, nellikani in Tamil), a fruit found mainly in India. It is a greeenish yellow fibrous fruit about an inch or two in diameter, round shaped with vertical stripes. It simultaneously tastes sweet & sour. It is rich in natural vitamin C. It is used in making ayurvedic medicines, tonics for it has several positive qualities - has cooling, diuretic and laxative properties, strengthens teeth and bones, has antioxidant and antibacterial properties. It aids in maintaining clear skin & healthy growthof hair. It is eaten raw with salt and is also used to make pickles.Avatarams / Avatars
Animal Welfare Board of India (AWBI)
is a statutory body under Section 4 of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960 with its headquarters at Chennai. Its basic mandate is to advise the Government on animal welfare issues, and create awareness regarding animal welfare. AWBI gives financial assistance to the eligible Animal Welfare Organisations for Shelter Houses, Model Gaushalas, for setting up Bio-Gas Plants, Famine/Drought Relief, Earthquake Relief, etc., in the various states.
Avataram refers to "an embodiment, a bodily manifestation of the Divine." The literal Sanskrit meaning is "the descent of God" or "incarnation." Lord Vishnu is said to descend to earth in order to restore balance on earth. These births of Lord Vishnu are called avatarams. The Dasavatarams of Lord Vishnu follow the theory of evolution as understood by us today. There is a gradual development in the complexity of form taken by the Lord - fish in Matsyavataram ; tortoise in Kurmavataram ; boar in Varahavataram ; half man half lion in Narasimhavataram ; a dwarf in Vaamanavataram ; an angry man unable to control his anger in Parasuramavataram ; the ideal human being in Ramavataram ; a man with occupational skills in Balaramavataram (sometimes Buddha is considered one among the 10 avatarams) ; friend, philosopher and guide (Geethobadesam) in Krishnavataram. In Kalki avataram he is slated to destroy the world when evil becomes uncontrollable and thus establish the rule of dharma.