In this section, I am providing general information - combination of a glossary, listing of great personalities, locations & geographical landmarks, history - in general any subject related to India. I have gathered the information from various sources - books, magazines, internet, word of mouth.

General information about India - L

Languages
There are 22 National Languages that have been recognized by the Constitution of India, of which Hindi and English are official languages. Besides these, there are 844 different dialects that are practiced in various parts of the country.
Languages States/region Other langauages prevalent in this region
Assamese Assam Bengali, Bodo
Bengali West Bengal & Tripura Nepali in West Bengal
Gujarati Gujarat, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Daman & Diu Hindi in Gujarat
Marathi in Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Daman & Diu
Hindi Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Arunachal Pradesh, Bihar, Chandigarh, Chhattisgarh, Delhi, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh & Uttaranchal Punjabi in Chandigarh
Tamil in Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Urudu in UP, Uttaranchal
Bihari, Urdu, Maithili in Bihar
Punjabi in Haryana & HP
Kannada Karnataka
Kashmiri Kashmir Urdu
Konkani Goa Marathi
Malayalam Kerala & Lakshadweep
Manipuri Manipur
Marathi Maharashtra
Nepali West Bengal, Sikkim
Oriya Orissa
Punjabi Punjab
Sanskrit

Sindhi

Tamil Tamilnadu, Pondicherry
Telugu Andhra Pradesh Hindi, Urdu
Urdu

There are several other languages - Bodo, Dogri, Maithili and Santhali.
Mizo in Mizoram, Khasi, Garo in Meghalaya, Meitei in Manipur, Kokborok in Tripura.

Dialects of Hindi
Hindi in a broad sense is a dialect continuum without clear boundaries. Hindi is often divided into Eastern Hindi and Western Hindi and these are further divided. Following is a list of important Hindi dialects.

KHADIBOLI or SARHINDI, spoken in West Uttar Pradesh CHATTISGARHI or LAHARIA or KHALWAHI, spoken mostly in recently created Chattisgarh.
BAGHELI, spoken in Baghelkhand region of Madhya Pradesh AWADHI, spoken in central UP, the area formerily comprising the kingdom of AWADH.
FIJIAN HINDUSTANI is a form of AWADHI spoken by Fijians of India descent.
BIHARI, spoken in the regions of Bihar.
BHOJPURI, spoken in mainly eastern UP.
MAITHILI, now an official language of Bihar.
MAGAHI, spoken in Magadh areas.
RAJASTHANI, spoken mostly in the state of Rajasthan and also comprised of several notable (sub) dialects.
BUNDELI, spoken in Bundelkhand region and Jhansi district of UP.
BRIJBHASHA, in vaguely defined regions of North Central India, centered on Delhi.
HARYANVI or BANGARU or JATTU, in the state of Haryana.
KANNAUJI, spoken in the area of Kannauj and surrounding areas in UP.
BAMBAIYA HINDI, the dialect of the city Mumbai and also the basis for the language of many popular Bollywood films.
EASTERN HINDI DIALECTS, centered on the holy city Varanasi, UP has a atrong influence of the Sanskritised learned Hindi vocabulary of standered Hindi.
Source: http://www.onlinehindiguru.com/script.htm


Get to Know India | Home