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About India
Snippets of information

In this section, I am providing general information - combination of a glossary, listing of great personalities, locations & geographical landmarks, history - in general any subject related to India. I have gathered the information from various sources - books, magazines, internet, word of mouth.

General information about India - M

Maha Bharatham
(info added in Apr 2012)
Maha rishi Veda Vyaasar saw the entire Mahaa Bharatham through his inner vision. He wanted to preserve it for the welfare of the future generations. Lord Brahma advised him to ask Lord Ganesha to write it down as he composed the verses. Lord Ganesha is said to have used his tusk to write the Maha Bharatham on the Himalayas.

It comprises of 18 parvas (parvam) - Adi parvam, Sabha parvam, Vana parvam, Virata parvam, Udyoga parvam, Bhishma parvam, Drona parvam, Karna parvam, Shalya parvam, Sauptika parvam, Stri parvam, Shanti parvam, Anushasana parvam, Asvamedhika parvam, Ashramavasika parvam, Mausala parvam, Mahaprasthanika parvam, Swargarohana parvam.
Harivamsa parvam dealing with the life of Lord Krishna is not covered in the 18 parvams of Mahabharatham.

These 18 parvams contain 98 sub parvams of 2,382 chapters. There are a total of 96,635 slokas that are available now. Vyasar is said to have composed 60 lakh shlokams.
Read the story - Vinayagar wrote the Bharatham

(info added on 12 May 2012)
Gold Mines:
There are 3 gold mines working (Hutti and Uti in Karnataka and the Hirabuddini mines in Jharkand). East Singhbhum, Jharkhand has one operational gold mine located in Kendrugocha, which is also of medium quality

Hatti Gold Mines - located near Lingusugur taluk, 20km from Lingusugur, Raichur district, Karnataka
Deccan Gold Mines Limited (DGML) is the first private sector gold exploration company in India to be listed on the Mumbai Stock Exchange. Established as a gold exploration company in 2003, DGML has a large portfolio of exploration prospects in the states of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala and Rajasthan.

Gold is being mined by The Hutti Gold Mines Ltd (HGML), a Government of Karnataka undertaking, near Hutti village in northern Karnataka. The mine is developed on a classic Archaean lode gold deposit, similar to those in Australia, Canada and South Africa. Gold mining activity in the belt has been known since pre-Ashokan time, about 3000 years ago. Modern gold mining commenced in the Hutti area around 1947.

It is owned by the Government of Karnataka and is engaged in the mining as well as production of gold. It is the only company in India which produces gold by mining and processing the gold ore. HGML has two plants which are located at Hutti and Chitradurga. The main mine is located at Hutti in Raichur district, along with the satellite branches of Uti and Hirabuddini. Hutti is an underground mine, Uti is an open-cast mine while Hirabuddini is an exploratory mine. The Chitradurga Gold Unit consists of an exploratory underground mine at G. R. Halli in Chitradurga district as well as an open-cast mine located in Ajjanahalli in Tumkur district. Gold is mined from the main gold mine located at Hutti and other satellite mines. The mines which are owned by Hutti are located in the Hutti-Muski precambrian greenstone geological belt. This area contains both extractable native gold and gold-bearing sulphides.

Kolar gold fields - a town in Bangarpet Taluk, Kolar District, Karnataka (closed down by Bharat Gold Mines Limited, BGML in 2001) considered the world`s second deepest gold mine.
The Kolar Gold Mines of BGML were closed down in the year 2001 as the gold ore reserves got exhausted after 150 years of continuous and heavy extraction. Both the exploration agencies of government viz. the Geological Survey of India (GSI) and the Mineral Exploration Corporation Limited (MECL) declared that mining the meagre remaining reserves was not a technically or economically viable option. At the time of its closure BGML had run up losses of more than Rs. 900 crore. Champion Reefs named after a British officer called Champion was one of the main mining areas in the Kolar Gold Fields.

Diamond Mines:
Panna mines - Panna is a city and a municipality in Panna district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh - diamond deposits extends North-East on a branch of the Vindhya Range for 150 miles. The most productive mines were in the 1860s and were found in Sakaria, around 20 miles (32 km) from Panna. Four classifications were given to the Panna diamonds: first, Motichul, clear and brilliant; 2nd, Manik, with a faint orange tint; 3rd, Panna, verging in tint towards green; 4th, Bunsput, sepia coloured. Mines is situated in the interior of Panna district, Majhgawan township is situated adjacent to mines.

The Bunder project comprises a cluster of eight lamproites (volcanic rock), located in the Bundelkhand region of Madhya Pradesh, 500 km south east of Delhi. Rio Tinto discovered the Bunder deposit in 2004 as part of a regional exploration reconnaissance programme which commenced in 2002.

Golkonda's mines yielded few diamonds. Actually, Golkonda was the market city of the diamond trade, and gems sold there came from a number of mines. The famous Kohinoor diamond is beleived to be from this mine.

The Kollur Mine
in Guntur district of old Golkonda kingdom, situated on the right bank of the river Krishna, was one of the most productive diamond mines in India and the first major diamond center. It operated between the sixteenth and mid-nineteenth centuries. In addition to the Kollur Mine, the Paritala, Gollapally, Mallavally, Ramallakota, and Banganapally were extremely prolific mines in India during this period. The most celebrated Kohinoor diamond was mined in the Kollur mines.

Monasteries (gompas /gumphas)
(info added on 23 Jan 2011)
Structures which serve as retirement dwelling place for monks, a place for self-reflection and self-exploration.
For a Buddhist tourist visiting India, monasteries or gompas are the prime attraction. A number of Buddhist monasteries or gompas spread across the length and breadth of India and speak volume about the Buddhist heritage of the country.

Many of these monasteries were built centuries back and have withstood the test of time. Still many others were destroyed or damaged in past and had to undergo tremendous reconstruction work. The architecture, murals, statues of Buddha and bodhisattvas inside make for an interesting visit. Moreover, many of these monasteries are located at stunning sites - clinging at the the top of hill, near streams, amidst greenery or barren landscape - which enhance their attractiveness multifold. The presence of monks inside gives a splendid opportunity to interact and accrue a whole lot of new knowledge about Buddhism in general and the monastery in particular.
Buddhist Monasteries in Bihar - Japanese Monastery, Thai Monastery, Tibetan Monastery, The Chinese Temple and Monastery and the Buddhist Temple of Bhutan. -

Monasteries in Jammu & Kashmir - Hemis Monastery, Alchi Monastery, Thiksey Monastery, Cave Monastery, Stakna Monastery, Takthok Monastery, Matho Monastery, Spituk Monastery, Phyang monastery, Likir Monastery, Rizong Monastery, Lamayuru monastery, Bardan Monastery, Karsha Monastery, Phuktal Monastery, Rangdum Monastery, Sani Monastery, Tonde Monastery, Zangla Monastery, Chemrey Gompa, Diskit & Hundur Monastery, Shey Monastery, Stongdey Monastery -

Buddhist Monasteries in Sikkim - Rumtek Monastery, Pemayangtse Monastery, Phensang Monastery, Phodang Monastery, Ralang Monastery, Enchey Monastery, Tashiding Monastery, Yoksum Monastery.

Buddhist Monasteries in Himachal Pradesh - Tabo Monastery, Kye Monastery, Namgyal Monastery, Rewalsar Monastery, Dhankar Monastery, Guru Ghantal Monastery, Shashur Monastery, Kardang Monastery, Tayul Monastery, Thang Yug Monastery, Kungri Monastery, Nako Monastery, Tashiganj Monastery, Lippa Monastery -

Buddhist Monasteries in Arunachal Pradesh - Tawang Monastery, Bomdila Monastery,d Urgelling Monastery -

Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, in wake of reaching to the people and making them understand the drawbacks of the prevailing social evils, launched a newspaper called "Mooknayaka" (leader of the silent).

Mosque / Masjid
(info added on 4 Jul 2011)
A mosque or Masjid (a place of prostration) is a Muslim place of worship, where they offer their daily five prayers as well as the Friday congregation.
Mosques around the world -