In this section, I am providing general information - combination of a glossary, listing of great personalities, locations & geographical landmarks, history - in general any subject related to India. I have gathered the information from various sources - books, magazines, internet, word of mouth.

General information about India - P

Padma awards

Padma Awards, namely, Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan and Padma Shri are given for exceptional and distinguished service in any field including service rendered by Government servants. The recommendations for Padma Awards are received from the State Governments/Union Territory Administrations, Central Ministries/Departments, Institutions of Excellence, etc. which are considered by an Awards Committee. On the basis of the recommendations of the Awards Committee, and after approval of the Home Minister, Prime Minister and President, the Padma Awards are announced on the eve of the Republic Day.
Source: Information & image from http://india.gov.in/myindia/padma_awards.php


Presidents of India (term of office)
Dr.Rajendra Prasad (Jan. 26, 1950 to May 13, 1962)
Dr.Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan (May 13, 1962 to May 13, 1967)
Dr.Zakir Husain (May 13, 1967 to May 3, 1969)
Varahagiri Venkatagiri (May 3, 1969 to July 20, 1969)(acting)
Justice Mohammed Hidayatullah (July 20, 1969 to August 24, 1969)(acting)
Varahagiri Venkatagiri (August 24, 1969 to August 24, 1974)
Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed (August 24, 1974 to Feb. 11, 1977)
B.D.Jatti (Feb. 12, 1977 to July 25, 1977)(acting)
Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy (July 25, 1977 to July 25, 1982)
Giani Zail Singh (July 25, 1982 to July 25, 1987)
R.Venkataraman (July 25, 1987 to July 25, 1992)
Dr.Shanker Dayal Sharma (July 25, 1992 to July 25, 1997)
K. R. Narayanan (July 25, 1997 - July 25, 2002)
A P J Abdul Kalam (July 25, 2002 - July 25, 2007)
Pratibha Patil (July 25, 2007 - till date)
http://www.presidentofindia.nic.in/ ; http://www.indianembassy.org/archive/President/gal.html


Prime Ministers of India - term of office
Jawaharlal Nehru - Aug. 15, 1947 - May 27, 1964
Gulzari Lal Nanda - May 27, 1964 - June 9, 1964 (Interim) ; January 11 - 24, 1966 (Interim)
Lal Bahadur Shastri - June 9, 1964 - January 11, 1966
Indira Gandhi - Jan. 24, 1966 to March 24, 1977 ; Jan. 14, 1980 to Oct. 31,1984
Morarji Desai - March 24, 1977 to July 28, 1979
Charan Singh - July 28, 1979 - Jan. 14, 1980
Rajiv Gandhi - Oct. 31,1984 to Dec. 1,1989
V. P.Singh - Dec. 2,1989 - Nov. 10, 1990
Chandra Shekhar - Nov. 10,1990 - June 21, 1991
P.V.Narasimha Rao - June 21, 1991 to May 10, 1996
Atal Bihari Vajpayee - May 16 to June 1, 1996
H.D.Deve Gowda - June 1, 1996 to April 21, 1997
I.K.Gujral - April 21, 1997 - Nov. 28. 1997
Atal Bihari Vajpayee - March 19, 1998 - May 22, 2004
Dr. Manmohan Singh - May 22, 2004 - till date



Project Elephant (PE)
is a centrally sponsored scheme, launched in February 1992 to provide financial and technical support to major elephant bearing States in India for protection of elephants, their habitats and corridors. It also seeks to address the issues of human-elephant conflict and welfare of domesticated elephants. The Project is being implemented in 13 States / UTs , viz. Andhra pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Orissa, Tamil Nadu, Uttranchal, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal.
Source: http://india.gov.in/sectors/environment/elephant.php
http://india.gov.in/outerwin.htm?id=http://envfor.nic.in/pe/pe.html



Project Tiger
was launched in India in1973 with a mandate to conserve tigers in a holistic manner. These are fulfilled by facilitating focused, concerted management of ectopically reserves in various States, constituted on a core-buffer strategy through funding the technical support including site-specific inputs to elicit local community support for conservation. The Project has been successfully implemented and at present there are 28 Tiger Reserves in 17 States, covering an area of 37,761 sq. km. The Tiger Reserves are monitored by a panel of experts using 45 criteria on the format of World Commission of Protected Areas and reviewed by the IUCN..
Source: http://india.gov.in/sectors/environment/tiger.php



Puranas
Purana literally means "ancient, old". They are a collection of mythology, history, generally information to serve as a guide to life.
The eighteen Puranas are
1. Brahma Purana, 2. Padma Purana, 3. Vishnu Purana, 4. Skanda Purana, 5. Shiv Mahapurana, 6. Vamana Purana, 7. Markandeya Purana, 8. Varaha Purana, 9. Brahma Vaivat Purana , 10. Agni Purana, 11. Bhavishya Purana, 12. Kurma Purana, 13. Matsya Purana, 14. Garuda Purana, 15. Brahmaand Purana, 16. Shrimad Bhagwat Purana, 17. Linga Purana, 18. Narad Purana.
These are dedicated to Siva, Vishnu & Brahma (six each).


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