|Producing Depth & Relief
From very early times, Indian artists have been using a variety of techniques to produce an illusion of the third dimension.
An example of expert rendering in perspective.
A technique of painting scenes from different angles and merging them, similar to the modern technique called Multiple Vision.
animnonnata - flat style
nimnonnata - relief by shading.
A flat style that uses dark colours for the subjects in the foreground against a background of lighter shades, or vice versa.
Shading techniques choosing judiciously tones and colours.
A high-relief technique to produce an illusion of the third dimension. There are three main variations.
Patraja - (‘shading-like-the-lines-of-a-leaf’)
Illusion of depth is achieved by drawing lines to follow contour of the body.
Binduja - (dot and stipple method)
Illusion of depth is achieved by painting dots with variations in concentration of dots.
Airika - (a wash technique)
Illusion of depth is achieved by executing tonal variation and avoiding hard-lines
Ujjotana - (adding highlights)
Highlights in the form of white patches added on the cheeks, the chin, the nose, etc to get a three-dimensional effect.
Chaya-tapa - (‘shade-and-shine’)
This produces a chiaroscuro effect.
Use of Blue Colour (Lapis Lazuli)
In the later period lapis lazuli, a blue, imported mineral came to be used as an effective medium for creating visual depth,contrasting with warm red and brown tones.