- C.R. Kaushik, Texas, USA
A Hindu is
any person who practices good Karma ~ the discipline of action, Bhakti
~ the spiritual practice of devotion to God or Gyana ~ the knowledge of
the true self, for achieving Moksha ~ liberation from the cycle of birth
and death and all the suffering and limitation entailed in embodied worldly
existence. Chandrasekharendra Saraswathi Maha Swami of Kanchi kamakoti
Peetam said “Religion is the means of realizing dharma, artha, kama and
moksha. These four are called purusarthas. Moksha is the state of supreme
bliss and there is no quest beyond it”
vijaya kaman yah sarvan pumamscarati nihsprhah
nirmamo nirahankarah sa santimadhigacchati
Verse 71 Chapter 2 explains that man attains peace by abandoning all desires.
On this verse Adi Sankara has commented as follows: "That man of
renunciation who entirely abandons all desires, goes through life contented
with the bare necessities of life, who regards not as his, even those things
which are needed for mere bodily existence, who is not vain of his knowledge
- such a man of steady knowledge, that man who knows Brahman, attains peace,
the end of all the misery of samsara. In short he becomes Brahman." That
is what is meant by Liberation.
depart from this world without knowing what is happening to them and without
any knowledge of the next world. Some great Gnanis know exactly what happens
during life and during death. The way we live our present life and the
deeds in past birth can influence opportunities in this life and the kind
of death we would be subjected to.
The Nadis control
the integral support system of our body giving them life force. The Nabhi
Kamalam in the naval region activates the Nadi Gantham or nerve centers
of the body. This has been beautifully depicted in mythology where Brahma
the creator is seen rising out of Lord Vishnu's Nabi Kamalam. These
Nadis all end in one of the nine openings of the human body called the
nava dwaras. Scientifically, the Prana leaves through one of the nine orifices
in a common man. For true great devotees and true renunciants, the life
force does not exit through one of these nine orifices. There is
one more gate at the top of the head the brahmarandhra also known as dasamadwara
or the tenth gate. The chakras are energy centers along the spine
representing the levels of consciousness. The Sahasrara Chakra is situated
at the crown of the head at the dasamadwara.
Head, Moksha is liberation. Liberation from a wheel of succeeding incarnations.
Kapala Moksha or Brahma Sayujya happens when the life energy or prana leaves
the body through the small crack in the Sahasrara chakra with the opening
of the Bramha Ranthra in the crown of the skull. This is what is called
salvation. When the Yogi separates himself from the physical body at the
time of death, this Brahma Ranthra bursts open and Prana comes out through
this opening (Kapala Moksha). They are Jeevan Mukthas. The Yogi who
gets such a moksha enjoys the Supreme Bliss, Parama Ananda, super conscious
state and the Highest Knowledge.
satam caika ca hrdayasya nadyah tasam murdhanam abhinih srtaika,
tayor-dhva- mayann-amrtatvam-eti visvann-anya utkramane bhavanti.
hundred and one are the nerves of the heart, of them one, that is the Sushumna
penetrates the crown of the head. Going upwards through that nerve one
attains immortality. The others depart differently. (Kathopanishad -A dialog
with death by Swami Chinmayananda).
the energy is brought up through the Sahasrara from Muladhara located at
the base of the spine. Out of the innumerable Nadis 14 of them are said
to be important. The Ida, Pingala and Sushumna are the three most important
of those 14 Nadis. Sushumna extends from the Muladhara Chakra to Brahmarandhra.
Ida and Pingala Nadis are on the left and right sides of the spine. All
the three have their confluence at the base of the spine. In ordinary people
the energy flows only through the two side ones and is expressed as ordinary
worldly thoughts, feelings and activities. But for most of the Yogis the
energy circulation current moves along the central channel up to Sahasra.
When the breath flows through Sushumna, the mind becomes steady bringing
the highest state of Yoga. This state gives Immortality. By contemplating
on the Chakras, the Yogi attains the highest Bliss, which gives Moksha.
This kind of
Moksha happens to only a very selected few who have a special blessing
from the Lord to not have rebirth. Such Mahaans or ‘highly elevated souls’
are liberated from a wheel of succeeding incarnations. During the
last days such yogis take only milk and tulsi water. Usually these gifted
bhaktas, yogis and saints are able to predict the day and sometimes-even
time of their death. For some it is said the skull softens at that time
and symbolically before the burial of such divine saints, it was necessary
as per the prescribed procedure, to break a coconut on the head to release
the soul. There are a few Mahaans who have even attained a natural Kapala
Moksha, witnessed by hordes of devotees, disciples and family members
who have observed the brahma randra open and a Jyothi being released into
the sky from their Kapalam during the time of their mukti.
attained Kapala Moksha by their self-realization, right knowledge, right
actions, Service to the Lord, meditation and devotion. 'Kapala Moksha'
is considered to be the highest method by which the soul can leave the
body and can be attained only by overcoming ignorance and desires through
a freelance writer belongs to a Sastriya family of scholars and educationalists
from Thanjavur District. The author grew up in Chennai and had most of
the early education from the University of Madras and presently resides
in Texas, USA. Indian Art, Culture, Tradition, Hinduism, Temples, Spirituality
and Fine Arts are some of the author's favorite topics.