The miniatures, as the
name indicates were small works, which were made on perishable material
& hence no definite proof of their birth & development can be traced.
In Bengal, Bihar & Orissa, Buddhist
manuscripts were illustrated, mostly paintings of Buddha on palm leaves.
They resemble the Ajantha style but on a miniature scale.
In Gujarat, illustrations in Jaina
manuscripts can be seen. The style of the Jaina caves at Ellora were followed.
Some illustrations were done on paper. In the later stages the fine application
of colour diminished. There was also some Persian influence which spread
from here to other places such as Mandu & Jaunpur.
The Mughal emperors introduced their
own style of miniature paintings with Persian inspiration. Court scenes
were depicted in grandeur. The background was usually hilly landscapes.
Flowers & animals were also vastly depicted & in these the Indian
artists applied their own skill to develop on the Persian ideas. The Rajput
paintings can be put under two broad groups, the Rajasthani style &
the Pahari style. The subject matter of the paintings were mostly religious
& love subjects, based on Lord Rama & Lord Krishna. Court scenes
were depicted as also royal portraits. Bold outlines & brilliant colours
are characteristic of Rajasthani paintings.
Indian Heritage's Pinterest Collection of Miniature paintings