The caves of Ajanta
Hindu & Jain rock-cut
architecture can be seen mainly at Badami, Aihole, Ajanta, Ellora, Elephanta, Aurangabad
The Rashtrakutas produced
the Brahmanical Kailasa temple at Ellora.
Badami has four cave temples
executed at various levels of the sand stone hill. Cave 1 is dedicated
to Siva, 2 & 3 to Vishnu & cave no.4 is a Jaina structure.
Aihole has two rock-cut
temples, one Jaina & the other Brahmanical.
At Ellora there are
17 Brahmanical caves & 6 Jaina caves.
The Pallavas of Kanchi
initiated rock-cut architecture in the South. They used the available hard
granite to cave out their structures. Because of the hardness of the granite
rock, there was a limitation on the size of the caves as well as the details
on the sculptures.
Varman ( Vichitrachithan) was responsible for the Laksitayatna Trimurti
cave temple at Mandagapattu dedicated to Brahma, Vishnu & Iswaran.
At least 9 more temples were carved out during his time.
Trimurti Mandapam, Mahabalipuram, Tamilnadu
Other Pallava kings also
followed his style, with a few differences. Narasimha Pallava built the
coastal town of Mamallapuram (Chennai). The Mamalla style cave temples
were more elaborate. Monolithic rathas & vimanas belong to Narasimha's