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Snippets of information - General

August 3, 2016

The concept and terminology of Tamil Thai was by Manonmaniam Sundaram Pillai

The song "Niraarum Kadal Udutha" from Manonmaniam was adapted as Thamizh Thai Vaazhthu, "Invocation to Goddess Tamil" and approved by the Government of Tamil Nadu as the official Tamil anthem in June 1970. The music was composed by M.S.Viswanathan.

The song

 August 3, 2016
Temple for Thamizh Thai
This temple, located in Karaikudi in Sivaganga district in Tamil Nadu, is the only temple in the world for worshiping a language as a god or goddess. The temple is situated inside the Kamban Mani Mandabam and the street in which the temple is located has been named Tamil Thai Kovil Street.

The main shrine is for Tamil Thai. On either side of the idol of Tamil Thai, there are smaller idols of Agastyar and Tholkappiyar. Outside the main shrine are icons of Oli Thai (the Goddess of Sound) and Vari Thai (the Goddess of Letters). There are separate enclosures for Kamban, Ilango Adigal and Thiruvalluvar.

The idol of Tamil Thai installed in the temple is not worshiped in the same way as the idols installed in other temples. The Tamil Thai temple remains closed except during the Kamban Vizha during the month of April every year.

The idea of establishing such a temple was conceived by Kamban Adippodi Saw. Ganesan, the founder of Kamban Vizha Kazhagam, but passed away before the project was completed. Upon his death, Kamban Adisoodi Pala Palaniappan helped draw up programmes for the Karaikudi Kamban Vizha. Later, Palaniappan became the secretary of the Chennai Kamban Kazhagam. The temple construction and sculpturing work were by Ganapathy stapathi. The Tamil Thai temple was declared open in 1993, by Mu. Karunanidhi.

In 1939 Ganesan set out to organise Kamban Vizha in Karaikudi, under the stewardship of T.K. Chidambaranatha Mudaliar (TKC).

The concept and terminology of Tamil Thai was by Manonmaniam Sundaram Pillai
Thamizh Thai Vaazhthu

June 21, 2015

June 21 was declared as the International Day of Yoga by the United Nations General Assembly on December 11, 2014. Yoga is a physical, mental and spiritual practice or discipline that originated in India. In suggesting June 21, which is the Summer Solstice, as the International Day of Yoga, Narendra Modi had said that the date is the longest day of the year in the Northern Hemisphere and has special significance in many parts of the world.

From the perspective of yoga, the Summer Solstice marks the transition to Dakshinayana. The first full moon after Summer Solstice is known as Guru Poornima. According to Sadhguru, Lord Shiva, the first yoga practitioner(Adi Yogi) is said to have begun imparting the knowledge of yoga to the rest of mankind on this day and became the first guru (Adi Guru). Dakshinayana is also considered a time when there is natural support for those pursuing spiritual practices.

The declaration of this day came after the call for the adoption of 21 June as International Day of Yoga by Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi during his address to UN General Assembly on September 27, 2014.

September 4, 2013
Condiments and Nuts in English and Tamil
Aniseed - Sombu

Asafoetida - Perungayam

Almonds - Badam Parappu

Arrow Root - Koovak Kilangu

Bay Leaf - Punnai Ilai

Black Pepper - Milagu

Cardamom - Elakkai

Cinnamom - Pattai

Cloves - Lavangam

Coriander Seeds - Vara Kothamali

Cumin Seeds - Jeeragam

Curry Leaves - Kariveppilai

Cashew Nuts - Mundhiri

Dry Ginger - Sukku

Femmel - Perunjeeragam

Feenugreek - Vendhayam

Garlic - Vellai Poondu

Ginger - Inji

Groundnuts/Peanuts - Verkadalai

Jaggery - Vellam

Lemon Rind - Elumichai Thol

Mace - Jadhipathiri

Mango Powder - Mangai Podi

Mustard - Kadugu

Nutmeg - Jadhikkai

Poppy Seeds - Kasa Kasa

Roasted Gram - Pottu Kadali

Red Chillies - Sigappu Milagai

Raisins - Ularndha Dhirakshai

Rice Flakes - Arisi Avial

Sesame Seeds - Ellu

Saffron - Kungumapoo

Sugar Candy - Kalkandu

Tamrind - Puli

Turmeric Powder - Manjal Podi

Tymol Seeds - Omam

The main difference between fennel and aniseed is that fennel is more so considered to be a vegetable, while anise is a spice - this is because more of the fennel plant is edible than the anise plant. The anise plant's seeds are typically the only part of the plant that is consumed. With fennel, the seeds, leaves, stems, and bulbs can all be enjoyed.

January 17, 2011 A close relationship is found to exist between the external world and the internal system of man. Siddhars (practitioners of Siddha) maintain that the structure of the human body is a miniature world in itself. Man consumes water and food, breathes the air and thus maintains the heat in the body. He is alive on account of the life force given by ether. The earth is the first element which gives fine shape to the body including bones, tissues, muscles, skin, hair etc. Water is the second element representing blood, secretions of the glands, vital fluid etc. Fire is the third element that gives motion, vigor and vitality to the body. It also helps digestion, circulation and simulation besides respiration and the nervous system. Above all, ether is the characteristic of man's mental and spiritual faculties.

Siddha system of medicine is based on Saiva Siddhantha. Siddha is a Tamil word that is derived from its root 'chit' which means perfection in life or "heavenly bliss".

Siddhars, spiritual scientists of Tamil Nadu explored and explained the reality of Nature and its relationship to man by their yogic awareness and experimental findings. They postulated the concept of spiritualism for self improvement and the practices propounded by them came to be known as the "SIDDHA SYSTEM".

The eight mighty SIDDHIC PROCESS or OCTOMIRACLE ("ATTA-MA-SIDDHI") which could keep the body strong and perfect for EXTERNAL LIFE, where THERE IS NO DEATH OR REBIRTH.

The U.S. India Business Council in Washington, D.C. played host to the first-ever 'Mango Day' celebrations on the arrival of Indian mangoes to the U.S., after a gap of 18 years. The first mangoes arrived at the John F. Kennedy Airport in New York. But the big welcome party occurred in the nation's capital. India is the world's largest producer of mangoes but had been shut out of the U.S. market because of concerns over mangoes introducing new a pest, the mango seed weevil, into North America. But U.S. Department of Agriculture officials were able to work out an agreement that allows the import of Indian mangoes that have been irradiated.

Herbs associated with the Pancha Boothams
Land (Nilam in Tamil) - Arugampul (arugam grass)
Water (Neer in Tamil) - Maavilai (mango leaf)
Fire (Neruppu in Tamil) - Vaazhai ilai (banana leaf)
Wind (katru in Tamil) - Vepilai (neem leaf)
Sky (Agaayam in Tamil) - Vetrilai (Paan leaf)

The Hindu cycle of sixty years
There are 60 names by which the Hindu lunar years are called for a cycle of sixty years (Tamil years- There are only minor variations in the pronounciation of the Hindi names) prabhava, vibhava, shukla, pramodoodha, prajothbatthi, angirasa, shrimukha, bhava, yuva, dhatu, ishwara, bahudhaanya, pramaathi, vikrama, vishu, chitrabhaanu, subhaanu, tarana, prartibha, viya, sarvajittu, sarvadhaari, virodhi, vikruthi, khara, nandana, vijaya, jaya, manmatha, durmukhi, hevilambi, vilambi, vigari, sharvari, pilava, shubakritu, shobhakritu, krodhi, vishuvaavasu, praabhava, pilavanga, keelaka, saumya, saadhaarana, virodhikritu, paridhabhi, pramadeesa, ananda, raakshasa, nala, pingala, kaalayukti, sidhaarthi, raudri, dunmathi, dundubhi, rudhrodgaari, raktakshi, krodhana, and akshaya

World Heritage sites in India 1983 Ajanta Caves
1983 Ellora Caves
1983 Agra Fort
1983 Taj Mahal
1984 Sun Temple, Konarak
1984 Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram
1985 Kaziranga National Park
1985 Manas Wildlife Sanctuary
1985 Keoladeo National Park
1986 Churches and Convents of Goa
1986 Khajuraho Group of Monuments
1986 Group of Monuments at Hampi
1986 Fatehpur Sikri
1987 Group of Monuments at Pattadakal
1987 Elephanta Caves
1987 Brihadisvara Temple, Thanjavur
1987 Sundarbans National Park
1988 Nanda Devi National Park
1989 Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi
1993 Humayun's Tomb, Delhi
1993 Qutb Minar and its Monuments, Delhi
1999 Darjeeling Himalayan Railway
2002 Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya
2003 Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka

The 18 Puranas
Vishnu Puraanam
Naradiya Puraanam
Padma Puraanam
Garuda Puraanam
Varaha Puraanam
Bhagavata Puraanam
Brahmanda Puraanam
Brahmavaivarta Puraanam
Markandeya Puraanam
Bhavishya Puraanam
Vamana Puraanam
Brahma Puraanam
Matsya Puraanam
Kurma Puraanam
Linga Puraanam
Shiva Puraanam
Skanda Puraanam
Agni Puraanam

Get to know India - listed alphabetically