DICTIONARY OF SOME SOUTH INDIAN MUSICAL TERMS

CHAKRA : the chakra is the basic unit around which the 72 melakarta raagas are arranged. There are 12 chakras or sections, with each chakra comprising within it 6 mela ragas.


CHARANAM : is the third part (the concluding) of any composition or kriti in the Carnatic tradition.


CHATURANGA : (chatur-four, anga-parts) it is descriptive of the four parts of music - khayal, tarana, sargam and tirvata.


CHATURBHAAGA : is a unit of time equal in duration to half of an anudrutam.


CHATURDANDI : the most ancient swaras known in the Indian music. The swaras are udaatta, anudaatta and svarita of the vedic hymns. Panini refers to these 3 notes as the Aadi swaras.


CHATURTHA JATI : is a kind of taan which uses four notes in a single cluster as it moves.


CHATURDASA MURCHCHANAS : are the 14 murchchanas or scales that are born out of what is known as grama bheda.


CHEEZ (Urudu) : is used to refer to a khayal composition.


CHATURDHATU PRABANDHA : is a musical form which had all the 4 dhatus or sections - udgraha, melapaba, dhruva and abhoga.


CHATURMUDRA PRABANDHA : a composition containing any four of the dvaadasa mudras in its Sahitya.


CHATURTHA KALA : fourth degree of speed.


CHATURTHA RAGA VARDHANI : the fourth stage of the main part or the body of a raga aalaapana. Murchchana prastara or sanchaara in quick tempo is the main feature of this fourth part of the aalaapana.


CHATURTHA VIDARI : the concluding part of that section of the raga aalaapana known as chaturtha raga vardhani.


CHATUSHPADI : is devotional music, consisting of four padas.


CHAUKA KAALAM : slow tempo. A chauka kaala kriti is one in slow speed.


CHAUKAM : the style of singing raga aalaapana in slow tempo.


CHITTA SWARA : are a series of set swaras - geometires usually sung after the anupallavi and the charanam in a composition.
Dictionary of Indian musical terms - Main Page

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