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In India, there is a vast profusion of folk music which varies according to locality. Though folk songs also follow the same base, classical music requires immense training and practice. In Indian music, musical sound is called nada and nada is considered as Brahman or Divine Reality itself.

Classical Indian music can be classified into two distinct categories, the North Indian or Hindustani and the South Indian or Carnatic music. The essential features and basis of both the styles are the same, in the sense that both are spiritualistic in nature. Foreign influences due to invasions by Persians, Arabs,.. are more evident in the Hindustani form. There has been a constant intermingling and the styles that have evolved are the products of these various currents.

Carnatic Music


Learning Carnatic Music
Stages in Abhyasaganam - Swaravali, Jantai Varisai, Dhatu Varisai, Melsthayi Varisai
Stages in Abhyasaganam - Alankaram, Gitam and Swarajathis, Varnams
Tala - Structure
Tala - Angams and Jaathis
Tala - Maarga Thalams

Dictionary of Musical Terms
Some Prominent Terms in Musical Parlance

A listing of literature on music and dance

Music Instruments
Introduction, Classification
String Instruments
Percussion Instruments
Wind Instruments

Apr 2016
The Doctrine of Shruti in Indian Music by Dr. Vinod Vidwans (pdf)

Mar 2010
A confluence of art and music on 72 Melakarta Ragas
12 chakras of music, the mind, body and soul (A booklet in pdf format)

Chart of the 72 Melakarta Ragas (pdf)
Concept, painting and melakarta details by: Sangita Kala Acarya S. Rajam and Kallidaikurici Veenai S. Venkatesan
Designed and Published by: Corporate Communications Department, LandT, ECC Division, Chennai

Information from Musings on Music, a publication by Shri S.Rajam

Origin and Classification

Saptha Swaras


Terms in musical parlance

Shri S Rajam - vocalist, musicologist and painter

Profiles of Artistes, Composers, Musicologists

Profiles of the later 20th century musicians, instrumentalists

Thyagaraja Aradhana
Saint Tyagaraja; 'Fragrant Gold of Carnatic Music' from A Garland by Shri.N. Rajagopalan
The Pancharatna Kritis

Guruguhanjali - Annual Series

Dikshitar the Genius
Article by by Smt.Sulochana Pattabhiraman

The post Thyagaraja period saw the blooming of many eminent composers who have enriched Carnatic music. Among them Harikesanallur Muthiah Bhagavathar is one of the most distinguished, his contribution being unique. To create an awareness, to perpetuate his memory and to propagate his music among music lovers, his descendants have created this trust.

Information from

Information from

Articles on Music

18 February 2021
Raga Therapy: The Divine Healing Power of Indian Classical Music by Reema Krishnan

Article from Shri Karaikudi Mani's Layamani Layam
"Maniyaana" Mridangam by Shri Karaikudi R.Mani

Oct 2007
Taala Vendargal : Thiru Gnanasambandar and Sri Shyama Sastry by Dr.K.R.SeethaLakshmi

September 2011
Karnatic Music, Tradition and Enlightenment by Sandhyavandanam Madhva Muni Rao, Bangalore

Nada Vision-Nada Satchatkaram and Brahmananda by Sandhyavandanam Madhva Muni Rao, Bangalore

Response to T.M.Krihna’s article "Poetics of Performance" by Sandhyavandanam Madhva Muni Rao, Bangalore

Dharma'Sankatam' - Response to Lec-Demo of Vijay Siva on raga lakshanas at the Music Academy
by Sandhyavandanam Madhva Muni Rao, Bangalore

Economics of Chennai Music and Dance Season
Letters to the Editor, The Hindu
by Sandhyavandanam Madhva Muni Rao, Bangalore

Silence and Pause in Indian Classical Music
by Sandhyavandanam Madhva Muni Rao, Bangalore

South Indian (Carnatic) Music - Ludwig Pesch

Online course "The Music of South India"