DICTIONARY OF SOME SOUTH INDIAN MUSICAL TERMS
A collection of terms in South Indian Music ( with a few terms from North Indian Music ) with their meaning
or description has been provided.
: is a kind of melody in Hindusthani music. It is a kind of composition
of the light classical kind.
: is the name of a family of musicians who are traditional dhrupad singers.
: is used to describe a voice or music touched with anguish.
GAMAKA : are 10 kinds of gamakas - Avaroha, Dhalu, Sphuritha,
Kampitha, Ahata, Pratyahatha, Tripuchcha, Andola, Murchchana.
DEEM : is the mnemonic of syllables of the tarana compositions
: a musical phrase containing datu swaras. A raga admits of only those
datu swara prayogas which reveal and establish its melodic individuality.
: a note removed from another note by some steps.
VARISAI : swara exercises involving datu swaras. The practice
of these exercises develops swarajnanam.
: the technical term signifying the music of a composition as distinguished
from the term 'maatu', which signifies the sahitya of the composition.
: a kind of musical composition referred to by Bharatha in his Natya Sastra,
used in dramas.
(Dhrupad) : a form of song in Hindustani music, sung in slow
: literally, means sound.
: a Marathi musical form sung in Kathakalakshepams.
KIRTANA : literally, a song containing the names of the Lord
& His praises and intended for being sung in bhajans.
SANKIRTANAM : practice of Divyanaama kirtanaas.
: are those tunes which many folk and rural songs are based.
: a long note lasting atleast two units of time as opposed to a swara which
lasts only one unit beat of time.
: the 4000 verses of slokas composed by Vaishnava saints in Tamil.
: singing from sight. Musical passages given in notation.
KAALAM : quick tempo.
MUDRA : the 12 kinds of mudras figuring in musical compositions.
Mudras are names introduced into the sahitya of a musical composition to
signify facts like its composer, raga, tala, type, etc.,
PRABHANDA : a musical composition which has 2 sections; Udgraaha
nd Dhruva. Jayadeva's Ashtapadi are examples.
: a composer who has used two kinds of mudras in his compositions.
RAGAVARDHANI : the second section of the main part of the body
of the raga aalaapana. The sanchaaras in this section are confined to the
madhya sthayi, with occasssional flights in the other octaves. The sanchaaras
in this section in particular reveal the individuality, creative talents
and imaginative skill of the performer.