Classification of Hindu Temples
North Indian Temple Structure - Nagara Style
In the North Indian style, the shrine
is a square at the centre, but there are projections on the outside leading
to cruciform shape. When there is one projection on each side, it is called
triratha, 2 projections - pancharatha, 3 projections - saptharatha, 4 projections
- navaratha. These projections occur throughout the height of the structure.
This style is found mostly in Orissa, Rajasthan and Gujarat.
The temples of Orissa are the ones
which can be described as the typical Nagara style. These temples escaped
the destruction due to invasion. The temples as well as the literature
laying down the rules and mode of construction have been well preserved
In this style, the structure consists
of two buildings, the main shrine taller and an adjoining shorter mandapa.
The main difference between the two is the shape of the Sikhara. In the
main shrine, a bell shaped structure adds to the height. As is usual in
all Hindu temples, there is the kalasa at the top and the ayudha or emblem
of the presiding deity.
Some of the temples of this style
The Parasurameswara temple at Bhuvaneshwar
Brahmesvara temple in Bhuvaneshwar
Anantha Vasudeva temple
Sun temple at Konarak
Jagannath temple at Puri