LEARNING CARNATIC MUSIC
Stages in Abhyasaganam
Information provided by T.N.Chitra
Sarali Varisai
This is the first lesson in Carnatic music and is practised in Mayamalavagowlai raga and Chatusra Jaathi Triputa Tala (Adi Tala). This exercise is practised to develop a good sense of sruti, layam and swaragnanam (knowledge of swara). Different combinations of the swaras are practised in a minimum of three different speeds, while keeping the speed of talam constant. In the first speed, one swara is sung for one beat (one unit of talam)
eg.
Sa ri ga ma l pa dha ni sa ll
Sa ni da pa l ma ga ri sa ll

In the second speed, two swaras are sung for one unit of a talam.
eg.
Sari gama padha nisa l Sani dapa maga risall
Sari gama padha nisa l Sani dapa maga risall

In the third speed four swaras are sung for one unit of a talam.
eg.
Sarigama padhanisa Sanidhapa magarisa l Sarigama padhanisa Sanidhapa magarisa ll
Sarigama padhanisa Sanidhapa magarisa l Sarigama padhanisa Sanidhapa magarisa ll

Increase in speed means doubling the swaras from the previous speed. Likewise, various combinations are practised.

Jantai Varisai
The next exercise consists of repeating the same swara twice with stress on the second swara. Here also, different combinations in three speeds are practised.
eg.
sasa riri gaga mama l papa dhadha nini sasa ll
sasa nini dhadha papa l mama gaga riri sasa ll

Dhatu Varisai
This next exercise has swaras which jump from one to another skipping the swaras in between. The swaras instead of coming in the usual order of Sa ri ga ma, are sung - sama gama. This helps one to have good control over swarasthanas. This exercise is also practised in three speeds.

Melsthyai Varisai
The swara exercises are practised in the higher octave so as to enable one to sing in higher range.

All the above exercies are meant to strengthen the swarasthanam, voice of the vocalist.The above exercises introduce the basic concept of Carnatic music - sruti & Layam to the student. They provide a good training to the voice.

Learning Carnatic Music
Introduction
Stages in Abhyasaganam - Alankaram, Gitam & Swarajathis, Varnams
Tala
Tala - Structure
Tala - Angams & Jaathis
Tala - Maarga Thalams
Gamakas

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