This is a set of exercies in 7 talams. Here, the student is exposed to variety in laya pattern. This is an important exercise from the laya point of view. The seven talams in alankaram are :
1. Dhruva Tamlam
It has one laghu,1drtham and two laghus. The Dhruva talam practised in alankarams is called Chatusrajathi dhruva talam because the laghu has 4 aksharas.
It has one laghu,one drtham and one laghu. The Matya talam practised in alankarams is also Chatusrajathi.
It has a drtham and a laghu. The rupaka talam practised in the alankarams is also chatusra jathi.
This has one laghu,one anuhdrtham and a dhrtham. In the alankarams the Jampa talam is practised in the misra jathi Jampa talam.The laghu has 7 aksharas.
5. Triputa Talam
This has a laghu and two drthams. The triputa talam is practised in the tisra jathi in the alankarams.
This tala has two laghus and two drthams. The ata talam is practised in the kanda jathi in the alankarams.
This has a laghu only. The Eka talam is practised in the chatusra jathi in the alankarams.
Gitams & Swarajathis
The next step introduces the students to small songs in different ragas and talas through Gitams & Swarajathis. These gitams are simple in tune and talam and the students have a feel of the concept of tune in Carnatic music.
The Varnams are the most important lessons in Carnatic music. The varnams are included in concerts also. An authentic and vast repertoire of varnam ensures sound grounding in Carnatic music. The varnams have wide variety of ragas and talas also. A minimum of 20 varnams need to be learnt. Ecah varnam in a particular raga helps the student to understand the scope and grammar of the raga and helps the students to gain good knowledge of ragam 7 laya. The varnams will have to be practised in atleast two speeds. It is traditional to begin a concert with a varnam.